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Biological Sample Prep Time Cut from Days to Minutes

October 16, 2014 9:23 am | by Stephen P. Wampler, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Comments

When Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers invented the field of biological accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) in the late 1980s, the process of preparing the samples was time-consuming and cumbersome. Physicists and biomedical...

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Photos of the Day: HIV Self-Test Kit Ready for the World

October 16, 2014 8:30 am | by David Mantey, Editorial Director, ABM Design Group | Comments

After more than two-and-a-half years of development work and onsite testing, John Kelly, CEO of Sydney, Australia-based Atomo Diagnostics, believes that his company has developed the test platform, AtomoRapid, to address critical errors common...

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New Test Offers Faster Check for Recent Illness Wave

October 15, 2014 1:40 pm | by Mike Stobbe, AP Medical Writer | Comments

For more than two months, health officials have been struggling to understand the size of a national wave of severe respiratory illnesses caused by an unusual virus. This week, they expect the wave to start looking a whole lot bigger. But that's because a new test will be speeding through a backlog of cases...

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Enhancing Blood Biomarker Discovery for Better Disease Diagnostics

October 15, 2014 1:21 pm | by Purdue University | Comments

A two-year grant from the National Institutes of Health will fund work by a Purdue Research Park-based company to improve methods to screen blood plasma samples for biomarkers, which are measurable indicators of a disease, to expedite diagnosis and treatment...

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Breathalyzer Diagnoses Disease in Dolphins

October 15, 2014 12:58 pm | by American Chemical Society | Comments

Alcohol consumption isn't the only thing a breath analysis can reveal. Scientists have been studying its possible use for diagnosing a wide range of conditions in humans — and now in the beloved bottlenose dolphin. In a report in the ACS journal Analytical Chemistry, one team describes a new instrument...

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Remotely Monitoring Heart Failure Patients with an Implantable Sensor

October 15, 2014 12:23 pm | by UCSF | Comments

Hypertension. Peripheral neuropathy. Sciatica. You name the disorder, and Norman Marigney of Santa Rosa may have it. In fact, he’s been hospitalized four times in the past year for heart failure, which affects about 5.5 million Americans, according to the American Heart Association...

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Charged Graphene Enables a Unique View of DNA During Sequencing

October 15, 2014 10:58 am | by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign | Comments

When Illinois researchers set out to investigate a method to control how DNA moves through a tiny sequencing device, they did not know they were about to witness a display of molecular gymnastics. Fast, accurate and affordable DNA sequencing is the first step toward personalized medicine...

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Biomarker Offers Diagnosis of Cancer Cause

October 15, 2014 10:50 am | by Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health | Comments

CLIP2 serves as a radiation marker: After exposure to radiation from radioiodine, both the genetic activity and the protein expression are increased, as the scientists' studies were able to substantiate. CLIP2 appears to be particularly significant...

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Low-Cost, Disposable Lung Infection Detector Developed

October 15, 2014 10:33 am | by University of California - Irvine | Comments

Imagine a low-cost, disposable breath analysis device that a person with cystic fibrosis could use at home along with a smartphone to immediately detect a lung infection, much like the device police use to gauge a driver's blood alcohol level...

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Protein-Based Material Has Some Nerve to It

October 15, 2014 10:23 am | by University of California - Berkeley | Comments

Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, have taken proteins from nerve cells and used them to create a "smart" material that is extremely sensitive to its environment. This marriage of materials science and biology could give birth to a...

Reprogrammed Skin Cells Could Lead to Alzheimer’s Cure

October 15, 2014 10:01 am | by University of Wollongong | Comments

Neuroscientists from UOW are reprogramming skin cells in order to discover new treatments and ultimately a cure for a range of devastating brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Schizophrenia and Motor Neurone Disease. Dr Lezanne Ooi, from the...

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FDA Approved Leads Safe for Full-Body MRI Scans

October 15, 2014 9:46 am | by Medtronic | Comments

Medtronic announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of its CapSureFix Novus MRI SureScan 5076 Lead for use with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The lead is approved for MRI scans positioned on any region of the body when...

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Device to Enable Pain-Free Injections

October 14, 2014 3:42 pm | by American Society of Anesthesiologists | Comments

Imagine no tears during infant vaccines and no fear of the needle for those old enough to know what’s coming. Such painless injections could be possible with a device that applies pressure and vibration while the needle is inserted in the skin...

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Sensor to Help Optimize Fit of Prosthetics

October 14, 2014 3:29 pm | by Sandia National Laboratories | Comments

As an amputee walks on a prosthetic leg during the day, the natural fluid in the leg shifts and the muscles shrink slightly. Now imagine the problem that poses for the fit of the prosthesis. There’s a growing need for a solution. The national...

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FDA Approved Software Solution Offers Efficient Monitoring of Lung Cancer Treatment

October 14, 2014 3:15 pm | by Columbia University Medical Center | Comments

Columbia University’s imaging software that facilitates 3D lung tumor segmentation, licensed to Varian Medical Systems, has been incorporated into the Smart Segmentation module of Varian’s Eclipse treatment planning system and has received FDA...

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