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The Lead

Breathalyzer Detects Dangerous Vapors

October 22, 2014 | by University of Texas at Arlington | Comments

A University of Texas at Arlington researcher has received a three-year, $400,369 National Science Foundation grant to build a handheld device that could analyze a person's breath to reveal whether certain dangerous gasses are present that need more immediate medical attention...

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Bioengineering Intestinal Tissue to Treat Gastrointestinal Diseases

October 23, 2014 9:27 am | by Cincinnati Children's | Comments

Researchers have successfully transplanted “organoids” of functioning human intestinal tissue grown from pluripotent stem cells in a lab dish into mice – creating an unprecedented model for studying diseases of the intestine. Reporting their...

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Solutions for Combatting Alarm Fatigue to Improve Patient Safety

October 23, 2014 9:17 am | by Scott Maier, University of California - San Francisco | Comments

Following the study of a hospital that logged more than 2.5 million patient monitoring alarms in just one month, researchers at UC San Francisco have, for the first time, comprehensively defined the detailed causes as well as potential solutions...

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Testing Blood With a Skin Patch

October 23, 2014 9:07 am | by American Chemical Society | Comments

Drawing blood and testing it is standard practice for many medical diagnostics. As a less painful alternative, scientists are developing skin patches that could one day replace the syringe. In the ACS journal Analytical Chemistry, one team...

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Monitoring Bacterial Infections in Real-Time

October 23, 2014 9:00 am | by Johns Hopkins Medicine | Comments

Combining a PET scanner with a new chemical tracer that selectively tags specific types of bacteria, Johns Hopkins researchers working with mice report they have devised a way to detect and monitor in real time infections with dangerous Gram-negative...

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FDA Addresses Device Recall vs. Enhancement Question

October 23, 2014 8:52 am | by AAMI | Comments

What’s the difference between a medical device recall and medical device enhancement? The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has an answer. In a final guidance document released earlier this month, the FDA spells out the difference between...

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Artificial Pancreas to Begin Clinical Trials

October 22, 2014 1:43 pm | by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute | Comments

A multi-university research team led by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has received a $1 million grant from the U.S. National Institutes of Health to conduct clinical trials of their closed-loop artificial pancreas for individuals with Type 1 diabetes... 

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Robot-Assisted Surgery is Safe But More Expensive

October 22, 2014 1:30 pm | by Henry Ford Health System | Comments

Minimally invasive robot-assisted surgery, which has become the main choice for surgically removing cancerous prostate glands during recent years, is as safe as open surgery for Medicare patients over age 65. Those are the primary findings of a newly published nationwide patient...

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Designing New Devices with Metamaterials

October 22, 2014 1:02 pm | by Basque Research | Comments

Víctor Torres Landivar, Telecommunications engineer, has designed and manufactured new devices based on metamaterials (artificial materials with properties not found in nature). On drawing up his PhD, defended at the Public University of Navarre, he achieved the first experimental demonstration ever...

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Doak Table Surgical Bed to Help Military on the Battlefield

October 22, 2014 11:51 am | by Georgia Tech | Comments

Atlanta startup signed seven-figure contract for surgical beds The Doak Table was created in a Baltimore garage in 2006 by a tinkering retiree equally at home in a boardroom or a machine shop. Today, the portable field surgical table has been tested and used worldwide...

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Improving Cancer Treatment with 'Designer' Nanodevice

October 22, 2014 10:12 am | by University of Lincoln | Comments

Cancer diagnostics and treatment options could be drastically improved with the creation of a "designer" nanodevice being developed by researchers from the UK, Italy, the US and Argentina. The diagnostic "nanodecoder," which will consist of self-assembled DNA...

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Detecting Knee Osteoarthritis with Sound Waves

October 22, 2014 10:03 am | by Lancaster University | Comments

The UK is leading this new field of health research based on listening to the sounds emitted by the body. Microphones are attached to the knees of patients, and the high frequency sound waves emanating from their knees are measured as they stand up...

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Dental Procedure Can Treat Osteoporosis and Bone Cancer

October 22, 2014 9:58 am | by Asociación RUVID | Comments

The Journal of Dental Research recently published a paper directed by Salvatore Sauro, Professor at University CEU Cardenal Herrera in Spain, in collaboration with international researchers from Finland, Brazil, United States and United Kingdom. The research report has demonstrated how the use of zoledronic acid...

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Thermosponges Soak up Proteins for Drug Delivery

October 22, 2014 9:41 am | by Brigham and Women's Hospital | Comments

A research team led by Brigham and Women's Hospital has developed and tested a novel nanoparticle platform that efficiently delivers clinically important proteins in vivo in initial proof-of-concept tests. Nanoparticles, which are particles measuring nanometers...

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Extremely High-Resolution Magnetic Resonance Imaging

October 21, 2014 3:45 pm | by Fabio Bergamin, ETH Zurich | Comments

Conventional magnetic resonance imaging, well-known from its use in hospitals, can typically resolve details of up to one tenth of a millimeter, for example in cross-sectional images of the human body. Together with colleagues at the ...

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Medical Imaging Tech to Detect Cancer Earlier

October 21, 2014 2:16 pm | by Rutgers University | Comments

A new medical imaging method being developed at Rutgers University could help physicians detect cancer and other diseases earlier than before, speeding treatment and reducing the need for invasive, time-consuming biopsies. The potentially lifesaving technique uses nanotechnology...

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