Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Analysis Advances Understanding of Barriers to Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose
ORLANDO, Fla., June 26 /PRNewswire/ -- An estimated 75 percent of adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes say they believe they know what their blood sugar levels are without testing, according to data presented at the American Diabetes Association (ADA) 70th Scientific Sessions. These results are important to consider because self-monitoring with a blood glucose meter is essential for people with diabetes to obtain accurate blood sugar results that guide adjustments to meal planning, exercising and, most importantly for insulin users, accurately dosing their insulin. It is one of a number of key learnings from a study representing the first-ever use of the well-established information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model of health behavior practice to understand barriers to self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) among type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients.
Bayer Diabetes Care undertook the study to identify basic social and psychological factors that may be related to SMBG utilization in individuals with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and to better understand the reasons why some people have difficulty adhering to SMBG as recommended by their health care providers. Another objective of the study was to determine whether the IMB model, which has been applied effectively in several health behavior domains, may be effective in helping to understand and promote adherence to SMBG. The study was conducted by a co-developer of the IMB model, Dr. William Fisher, distinguished university professor in the Department of Psychology and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Western Ontario in London, Canada.
The study findings revealed substantial information gaps, motivational obstacles and behavioral skills limi