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TO HEALTH, MEDICAL, AND NATIONAL EDITORS:
MEDIA ALERT: Injectable progesterone contraceptives may be associated
with poor periodontal health
Media OnlyTo schedule an interview with an AAP spokesperson or for more information, please contact Meg Dempsey at 312-573-3242 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
CHICAGO, Feb. 6, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Injectable
progesterone contraceptives may be associated with poor periodontal
health, according to research in the Journal of Periodontology. The
study found that women who are currently taking
depotmedroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) injectable contraceptive, or
have taken DMPA in the past, are more likely to have indicators of
poor periodontal health, including gingivitis and periodontitis, than
women who have never taken the injectable contraceptive. DMPA is a
long-lasting progestin-only injectable contraceptive administered
intermuscularly every three months.
Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the
gum tissue and bone that supports the teeth. Gingivitis, the mildest
form of gum disease, causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed
easily. Periodontitis is the most severe form of gum disease and can
lead to tooth loss. Additionally, research has associated gum disease
with other chronic inflammatory diseases such as diabetes,
cardiovascular disease, and rheumatoid arthritis.
The data for this study were obtained from the NHANES 1999-2004 public
use datasets. The participants chosen were non-pregnant, premenopausal
women aged 15-44 who had provided complete DMPA usage data, indicating
current usage of DMPA, past usage of DMPA, or no usage of DMPA at all.
All participants received a dental examination that noted clinical
attachment (CA) loss, periodontal pocket assessment at two or three
sites per tooth, and presence of gingival bleeding.
After adjusting for age, race, education, poverty income level, and
smoking status, the study found that current and past DMPA users had
significantly increased periodontal pockets, gingival bleeding, and CA
loss than women who have never used DMPA. Current DMPA users were more
likely to have gingivitis, while past DMPA users were more likely to
According to Dr. Pamela McClain, President of the American Academy of
Periodontology (AAP) and a practicing periodontist in Aurora,
Colorado, women currently taking DMPA or that have used DMPA in the
past should pay careful attention to their teeth and gums. "Hormones
can play a role in woman's periodontal health. These findings suggest
that women that use, or have used, a hormone-based injectable
contraception such as DMPA may have increased odds of poor periodontal
health. I would encourage women that use or previously used this form
of contraception to maintain excellent oral care, and to be sure to
see a dental professional for a comprehensive periodontal evaluation
on an annual basis."
For more information about periodontal disease, visit perio.org.
About the AAP
The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) is the professional
organization for periodontists - specialists in the prevention,
diagnosis, and treatment of diseases affecting the gums and supporting
structures of the teeth, and in the placement of dental implants.
Periodontists are also dentistry's experts in the treatment of oral
inflammation. They receive three additional years of specialized
training following dental school, and periodontics is one of the nine
dental specialties recognized by the American Dental Association. The
AAP has 8,400 members worldwide.
SOURCE American Academy of Periodontology
/Web Site: http://www.perio.org
CO: American Academy of Periodontology
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