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Accelerating Memory Function for Skill Learning

April 28, 2015 9:58 am | by DARPA | Comments

A new DARPA program aims to investigate the role of neural “replay” in the formation and recall of memory, with the goal of helping individuals better remember specific episodic events and learned skills. The 24-month fundamental research program...

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Targeting Depression with Deep Brain Stimulation

April 28, 2015 9:51 am | by Emory University | Comments

The darkest day of Marjorie Stowe's depression came when her long-time psychiatrist told her she obviously was choosing to resist the healing effects of one medication after another, psychotherapy, electric shock. "You must be getting some...

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Saliva Test for Glucose Levels

April 28, 2015 9:44 am | by Arizona State University | Comments

The 340 million diabetes sufferers in the world have plenty to worry about: eating well, getting exercise and regularly monitoring the amount of sugar in their bloodstream. That last step is a crucial tool in treating the condition and preventing...

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New Material for Creating Artificial Blood Vessels

April 28, 2015 9:37 am | by Medical University of Vienna | Comments

Arteriosclerotic vascular disorders are one of the most common causes of death in industrialized countries. In this situation a bypass operation is often the only solution. Normally, blood vessels are taken from another part of the patient's body...

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A Faster, Higher Quality 3D Camera

April 28, 2015 8:53 am | by Northwestern University | Comments

When Microsoft released the Kinect for Xbox in November 2010, it transformed the video game industry. The most inexpensive 3D camera to date, the Kinect bypassed the need for joysticks and controllers by sensing the user's gestures, leading...

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Motion-Sensing Gloves Teach Proper Technique to Wheelchair Users

April 28, 2015 8:46 am | by University of Illinois | Comments

“Arms are a wheelchair user’s legs,” says Cubitus team leader, Chandra Jayaraman. As the sole source of movement for manual wheelchairs, it makes sense that we should keep arms and shoulders as safe from injury as possible. Yet within the first...

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FDA Enters Consent Decree with Medtronic

April 28, 2015 8:38 am | by U.S. Food & Drug Administration | Comments

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced today the filing of a consent decree against Medtronic Inc., and two of the company’s officers—S. Omar Ishrak and Thomas M. Tefft —for repeatedly failing to correct violations, related to the...

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Microneedle Patch for Measles Vaccination

April 27, 2015 3:55 pm | by Georgia Institute of Technology | Comments

A new microneedle patch being developed by the Georgia Institute of Technology and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) could make it easier to vaccinate people against measles and other vaccine-preventable diseases. The...

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Smartphone App Detects Sleep Apnea Events

April 27, 2015 1:41 pm | by University of Washington | Comments

Determining whether your snoring is merely annoying, or crosses the threshold into a life-threatening problem, isn’t convenient or cheap. The gold standard for diagnosing sleep apnea — a disease which affects roughly 1 in 13 Americans...

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Retinal Implant Could Restore Functional Sight

April 27, 2015 1:31 pm | by Stanford University | Comments

A team led by Stanford University researchers has developed a wireless retinal implant that they say could restore vision five times better than existing devices. Results in rat studies suggest it could provide functional vision to patients...

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Self-Assembling Biomaterial for Human Tissue Formation

April 27, 2015 12:50 pm | by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., Publishers | Comments

Unlike scaffold-based methods to engineer human tissues for regenerative medicine applications, an innovative synthetic material with the ability to self-assemble into nanostructures to support tissue growth and ultimately degrade offers a promising...

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How to Short Circuit Hunger

April 27, 2015 12:46 pm | by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center | Comments

Anyone who has ever tried to lose weight knows that it’s no fun to feel hungry. In fact, the drive to tame gnawing hunger pangs can sabotage even the best-intentioned dieter. But how exactly is it that fasting creates these uncomfortable...

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A ‘GPS’ to Navigate the Brain

April 27, 2015 11:24 am | by Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Comments

In new research published today by Nature Methods, scientists from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Harvard University have announced a “Neuronal Positioning System” (NPS) that maps the circuitry of the brain, similar to how a Global...

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Gene Editing Technology Corrects Cystic Fibrosis Mutation

April 27, 2015 11:09 am | by Yale University | Comments

Yale researchers successfully corrected the most common mutation in the gene that causes cystic fibrosis, a lethal genetic disorder. The study was published April 27 in Nature Communications. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited, life-threatening...

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Developing Effective Tests for 'Chemo Brain'

April 27, 2015 11:05 am | by University of British Columbia | Comments

UBC research shows that chemotherapy can lead to excessive mind wandering and an inability to concentrate. Dubbed ‘chemo-brain,’ the negative cognitive effects of the cancer treatment have long been suspected, but the UBC study is the first...

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