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Tiny Spheres of Human Cells Mimic the Brain

May 26, 2015 9:32 am | by Stanford University | Comments

The human brain is a highly organized, three-dimensional mass of cells responsible for our every move, thought and emotion. Snugly housed in the bony confines of the skull, it’s also relatively inaccessible, making it difficult to study...

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Simple Recipe to Make Sensory Hair Cells in the Ear

May 26, 2015 9:28 am | by The Company of Biologists | Comments

Scientists at the Molecular Medicine Institute in Lisbon, Portugal, and at the University College London Ear Institute, United Kingdom, have developed a simple and efficient protocol to generate inner ear hair cells, the cells responsible for our...

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Vortex Device Makes for Better Cancer Treatments

May 26, 2015 9:25 am | by Flinders University | Comments

A South Australian invention, responsible for unboiling an egg, has been used to produce a four-fold increase in efficacy of carboplatin, a commonly used drug for ovarian, lung and other cancer. The latest research, published today (22 May)...

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Slinky Lookalike Helps Us See Tiny Objects

May 26, 2015 9:19 am | by University at Buffalo | Comments

It looks like a Slinky suspended in motion. Yet this photonics advancement -- called a metamaterial hyperlens -- doesn't climb down stairs. Instead, it improves our ability to see tiny objects. Described in a research paper published today by...

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A Second Life for MRI Magnets

May 22, 2015 10:36 am | by Argonne National Laboratory | Comments

When it comes to magnets, a doctor’s trash is a physicist’s treasure. Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory recently acquired two decommissioned magnets from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners...

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Implantable Micro-Device Monitors Oxygen in Glioma

May 22, 2015 10:20 am | by Norris Cotton Cancer Center Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center | Comments

Improving the level of oxygen in gliomas will have a proven positive affect on treatment outcomes. A team of investigators from Dartmouth’s Norris Cotton Cancer Center led by Nadeem Khan, MSc, PhD has used electron paramagnetic resonance...

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Two-Photon Ophthalmoscope for Super-Magnification of Retina

May 22, 2015 10:15 am | by Case Western Reserve University | Comments

Imagine an instrument that peers deep inside the eye and sees how well the retina's cells function. Such advanced technology would provide unprecedented options for early detection of disease -- not only of the eye, but other organs as well...

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Using Healthy Skin to Identify Cancer's Origins

May 22, 2015 9:53 am | by Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute | Comments

Normal skin contains an unexpectedly high number of cancer-associated mutations, according to a study published in Science. The findings illuminate the first steps cells take towards becoming a cancer and demonstrate the value of analyzing normal...

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Genetically Barcoding Tens of Thousands of Cells at a Time

May 22, 2015 9:50 am | by Harvard Medical School | Comments

Imagine someone hands you a smoothie and asks you to identify everything that went into it. You might be able to discern a hint of strawberry or the tang of yogurt. But overall it tastes like a blend of indiscernible ingredients. Now imagine that the...

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Robot Walker for Elderly People in Public Spaces

May 22, 2015 9:42 am | by European Commission, CORDIS | Comments

Elderly people with walking difficulties are often intimidated by busy public places. This led an EU research project to develop a robot walker to guide them around shopping centers, museums and other public buildings, thus enhancing their autonomy...

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Building the World’s Smallest Machines

May 22, 2015 9:30 am | by Christian-Albrechts-Universitaet zu Kiel | Comments

German research Foundation provides millions of euros of funding for the development of new medicines and materials at Kiel University. Great excitement at Kiel University: As the DFG (German Research Foundation) announced today (Thursday, May 21)...

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Controlling a Robotic Arm with a Patient's Intentions

May 21, 2015 3:03 pm | by California Institute of Technology | Comments

Neural prosthetic devices implanted in the brain's movement center, the motor cortex, can allow patients with amputations or paralysis to control the movement of a robotic limb - one that can be either connected to or separate from the...

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Mapping Surgical Approaches for Auditory Brainstem Implantation

May 21, 2015 1:14 pm | by Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins | Comments

A technique called auditory brainstem implantation can restore hearing for patients who can't benefit from cochlear implants. A team of US and Japanese experts has mapped out the surgical anatomy and approaches for auditory brainstem implantation...

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Turning Blood Into Neural Cells

May 21, 2015 12:33 pm | by McMaster University | Comments

Scientists at McMaster University have discovered how to make adult sensory neurons from human patients simply by having them roll up their sleeve and providing a blood sample. Specifically, stem cell scientists at McMaster can now directly...

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Magnetic Stimulation Helps Map Motor Skills

May 21, 2015 10:40 am | by Technische Universität München | Comments

A method known as navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) has been gaining importance in neurosurgery for some time now. Among other applications, it is used to map brain tumors before an operation and to test whether important regions...

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