CHICAGO, NOV. 28, 2011 /PRNewswire/ --
Functional Brain Pathways Disrupted in Children with ADHD
Using functional MRI, researchers from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine have found abnormalities in the brains of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). While previous studies have focused on impulsivity, this study looked at the inattention aspect of the disorder. The researchers studied 18 children with ADHD and 18 normal controls between the ages of nine and 15 and found that the children with ADHD used different pathways to process visual attention information. In addition, communication among brain regions was disrupted in the children with ADHD. Currently, there is no single test for diagnosing ADHD, which affects 5 to 8 percent of school-age children.
Restricted Calorie Diet Improves Heart Function in Obese Patients with Diabetes
Researchers from Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands have found that a restricted calorie diet improves heart function in obese patients with diabetes. For the study, 15 obese patients with type 2 diabetes were given a medically supervised diet of 500 calories daily for four months. After four months, their average body mass index (BMI) decreased from 35.3 to 27.5. In addition, their diastolic heart function improved, and the amount of fat around the heart decreased significantly. The diet also eliminated the need for insulin in all of the patients. After 14 months of follow-up on a regular diet, average BMI increased to 31.7, but fat around the heart increased only slightly, indicating that the beneficial effects of the diet last over the long term.
Integrated 3-D Imaging Facilitates Human Face Transplantation
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center are improving human facial transplantation by combining multiple imaging exams with the same computer modeling techniques used in Hollywood blockbusters. T