The P3a robust, linear motor stagehas a unique thermal handling capability as the linear motor coil is integrated into the top assembly plate. This allows optimized thermal conductivity for more robust operation in extreme environments under high duty cycles. The integrated linear motor design provides high stiffness/low cogging, resulting in extremely smooth constant velocity motion even at low speeds. It provides speeds up to 5 m/s and high acceleration capacity. The system offers 2 encoder feedback options: a magnetic encoder and an optical encoder.