Hardinge Inc. supports European-style, multi-spindle machine owners in North America. They manufacture and inventory solid collets, master collets & pads, solid feed fingers and master feed fingers & pads for Euroturn, Gildemeister, Index and Schütte machines with 24-hour shipping of standard fractional and whole metric sizes. Decimal sizes and products for other brands of machines will be available within a 5- to 7-day delivery. Hardinge institutes a semi-finished blank program for fast turnaround of pickoff burring collets and special-shape collets.
According to Hardinge, the collet should match the bar stock exactly. If you use inch bar stock, you should use fractional collets – NOT metric. Very few metric sizes have a direct fractional equivalent. Metric collets for metric bar stock, fractional collets for inch bar stock, and decimal collets for decimal bar stock will provide the best results. Match the collet size (order hole) exactly to the workpiece or bar stock diameter. If you are using ¼-inch bar stock with a 6mm collet, you could get push-back, chatter or poor concentricity because the collet is smaller than the bar stock. “Most operators don’t realize the ramifications of such a small variance in diameter,” says Rick Schonher, Hardinge Workholding product manager. “If the collet order hole is larger than the workpiece or bar stock, the part may pivot at the line of contact at the face of the collet. If the collet order hole is smaller than the workpiece or bar stock, the edges of the slots will bite into the workpiece and may cause damage or mark the bar. When the collet is the proper size for the workpiece or bar stock, there is a full bearing along the angle and the circumference of each segment of the collet where they mate with the spindle angle (seat).”